Araki Chikuo (Kodo II) (1823 – 1908)
In addition to successfully petitioning the new Meiji Empire to refrain from banning the shakuhachi, Araki Chikuo (Kodo II) greatly improved shakuhachi construction. He was the first to adjust the bore on jinashi shakuhachi with “Ji” as well as the first to make fully pasted bore “jiari”. He came up with the idea to make the 3rd finger hole smaller so that outdistance and tuning could be achieved. He’s also noted with chamfering the top opening, as well as the other hole openings (finger holes and root end hole). Subsequently, he was one of the greatest shakuhachi makers of all time. After he retired in 1894 he was given the honorific name “Chikuo” and his son, Shinnosuke (1879-1935), took the name Kodo III and became an invigorating force of the Kinko Ryu into the 20th century.